In Revolution of Things, Kusha Sefat traces a dynamism between materiality and language that sheds light on how the merger of the two permeates politics. To show how shifting relations between things and terms form the grounds for different modes of action, Sefat reconstructs the political history of postrevolutionary Iran at the intersection of everyday objects and words. Just as Islamism fashioned its own objects in Tehran during the 1980s, he explains, tyrannical objects generated a distinct form of Islamism by means of their material properties; everyday things from walls to shoes to foods were active political players that helped consolidate the Islamic Republic. Moreover, President Rafsanjani’s “liberalization” in the 1990s was based not merely on state policies and post-Islamist ideologies but also on the unlikely things—including consumer products from the West—that engendered and sustained “liberalism” in Tehran.
Sefat shows how provincial vocabularies transformed into Islamist and post-Islamist discourses through the circulation of international objects. The globalization of objects, he argues, was constitutive of the different forms that politics took in Tehran, with each constellation affording and foreclosing distinct modes of agency. Sefat’s intention is not to alter historical facts about the Islamic Republic but to show how we can rethink the matter of those facts. By bringing the recent “material turn” into conversation with the canons of structural analysis, poststructuralist theory, sociolinguistics, and Middle East studies, Sefat offers a unique perspective on Iran’s revolution and its aftermath.
Kusha Sefat obtained his Ph.D. as a Queens’ College Walker Scholar in Sociology at the University of Cambridge in 2017 and received the Best Dissertation Prize from the Foundation for Iranian Studies in the United States. Kusha brings Science and Technology Studies and, interrelatedly, the new materialism to bear on political, cultural, and environmental sociology with an emphasis on the global south. His work has been published in English and Persian in various journals, including Media Culture and Society, International Political Sociology, International Journal of Baudrillard Studies, Michigan Quarterly Review, Faslnameh Motaleaat-e Farhangi va Ertebataat (in Persian), Faslnameh Motaleaat va Tahghighat-e Ejtemaee Dar Iran (in Persian), and Jame-e Shenasi-e Honar va Adabiyat (in Persian). Kusha sits on the Editorial Board at Cultural Sociology.